In the Middle Ages the imperial city (Reichsstadt) of Mühlhausen was the second most powerful city in the Thuringian region after Erfurt. It is situated on the Unstrut, a tributary of the Saale and hosts the largest annual city fair in Germany (Stadtkirmes).
Mühlhausen has a rich heritage, which is particularly evident in the numerous historical buildings such as the city wall or St. Mary’s Church (Marienkirche). Furthermore, the city is known for personalities who lived or worked here, such as Johann Sebastian Bach and Johann August Röbling, the designer of the Brooklyn Bridge in New York City, who was born in Mühlhausen.
The Untermarkt (engl. lower market square) is the centre of the old town of Mühlhausen. It was created in the 10th – 11th century. At the beginning of the 13th century, the new town and the inner town wall were built. Later on, people no longer spoke of the old and new town, but of the lower and upper town. Still today the Divi Blasii Church (see detail picture on the right, unfinished), which is located on the right outside the panorama, marks the former centre of the old town: the Untermarkt.