The Catalan metropolis Barcelona in Streetline Panoramas

As a southern European metropolis, Barcelona’s architecture shows a variety of external influences, especially from French and Italian Renaissance and Baroque styles.

A real revolution in architecture was triggered, as in many places in Europe, by the 19th century and industrialization. In Barcelona, the medieval city walls were demolished and the city was able to spread out into the plain around the old town. Decisive and formative for Barcelona became the Eixample project (Catalan for “extension”, or “extension district”), which extended over a large area to the west and north of the old city (Ciutat Vella) and was thus far larger than today’s Eixample district. The project goes back to the Catalan architect and master builder Ildefons Cerdà, who first presented the project in Madrid in 1855.